Thursday, December 4, 2014

Study Suggests Resilience Determines Pain Tolerance

English: SAN DIEGO (Oct. 13, 2010) A laptop is...
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by Pain Medicine News: http://www.painmedicinenews.com/ViewArticle.aspx?d=Web%2BExclusives&d_id=244&i=December+2014&i_id=1129&a_id=28898
 
Gender is not as significant a factor for determining an individual’s tolerance to chronic pain as previously believed, a new study suggests.
 

Researchers from the University of Malaga, in Spain, conducted a study on 190 men and 210 women with chronic spinal pain to analyze gender differences in the experience of chronic pain. 

Results from several previous clinical trials had added to a common lore suggesting that women tolerated pain better than men, according to the researchers. 
 

The subjects were evaluated in a hypothetical model using the following variables: resilience, avoidance of pain and pain acceptance. 

The researchers found that pain levels were similar in men and women, and that resilience was the main quality associated with determining an individual’s adjustment and tolerance to chronic pain.

More resilient individuals tend to accept their pain; that is, they tend to understand that their ailment is chronic and they stop focusing on trying to get the pain to disappear, to focus their energy on enhancing their quality of life, despite the pain,” lead study author Carmen Ramírez-Maestre, PhD, said in a press release.
 
Fear avoidance was associated with pain intensity in the men only, but researchers suggested “the theoretical model had an adequate fit across both groups.”
 
The findings were published in the Journal of Pain (2014;15:608-618).

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