Decades of research has identified three factors that play a key role in children’s resilience. These three factors are:
- Individual factors (i.e. characteristics of the individual)
- Relationship/social factors (i.e. characteristics of their relationships)
- Environmental factors (i.e. characteristics of their environment)
- Attachment (Relationships/Social)
- Arousal (Individual)
- Accessibility to needs provision (Environmental).
Arousal refers to the level of activation of the child’s nervous system. Arousal influences how well children perform in daily tasks and opportunities to experience a sense of competence and mastery.
Accessibility to needs provision influences exploration and opportunities to learn new skills.
A Short Introduction to Promoting Resilience in Children contains practical strategies for achieving:
- optimal attachment beliefs;
- optimal arousal for best performance; and
- secure exploration of the child’s inner capabilities and outer world.